oooo, could it be that you haven't tried Myst?
It involves math, physics, pure logic and a lot of beauty.
When I say Myst, I'm reffering to the whole series (Not including URU, URU's a bit of a side-kick).
So there's Myst 1 which is good but a little old.
Riven = Myst 2 = My favorite, but actually for your type of puzzles, I would first try others.
Exile - should be very, very good for you.
Myst 4 - Another hotty for you, and also beautiful graphics (definitelly the best I ever saw - and I've seen a lot of games)
Myst 5 - play it if you really liked the others
There's no better puzzle-game out there in my eyes.
And, it's much more than just a "crack the puzzles up" game. Every puzzle has it's reason for existing - the puzzle is there for the sake of the plot, not for the sake of being a puzzle.
I cannot think of *one* puzzle that isn't solvable in *all* these games, or that is not based on very healthy logic (and it does help to know some physics sometimes, or to have some healthy math basics - but of course it's not a must!).
And last but not least - the puzzles are parts of dynamic, beautiful worlds (or ages), which are breath-taking in their design and atmosphere. Solving them is usually very, very satisfying (more than just knowing you solved it), and the Mysts always put a new standart to pre-rendered games, graphic-wise.
Yes, I'm addicted, and they're much more than games for me.